quinta-feira, janeiro 18

Infinitive / Gerund (explicação + avançada)

O infinitivo é a forma original do verbo tal qual se encontra num dicionário.
Pode aparecer na frase com ou sem o “to”.

O gerúndio é o verbo com a terminação –ing.

O infinitivo com “to” é de uso mais amplo aparecendo após a grande maioria dos verbos, adjetivos, advérbios, nomes, pronomes, etc:

Exemplos:
I expect to be there.
This car is hard to park.
She knows where to find the keys.

Também pode indicar propósito, finalidade:

They went there to buy something = They went there in order to buy something.

Usa-se o infinitivo sem o “to”:

1. após: modal verbs (can, could, must, etc.)
2. após: os auxiliares do-does-did-will-would
3. após: had better, would rather, rather than
4. após: as preposições but e except: exemplo: She did nothing but complain.
5. após: os verbos make e let: exemplo: You make me feel brand new.


O gerúndio é usado como substantivo nas funções de sujeito, objeto indireto ou objeto indireto (após preposição use sempre o gerúndio):
Exemplos:
1. Swimming is his favourite sport.
2. He likes swimming.


É usado também após os verbos go e come indicando atividade física, e na expressão go shopping:

We’re going riding this afternoon.
When are you going shopping? As soon as we get our salary.

Usa-se SEMPRE o gerúndio após os verbos abaixo:

Admit - Understand
Avoid - Excuse
Appreciate - Finish
Consider -  Keep
Delay - Mention
Fancy - Mind
Deny - Miss
Detest -   Practice
Dislike  - Resist
Enjoy -  Risk
Escape -  Quit

Da mesma forma com os verbos de percepção:

Feel - See
Observe -  Notice
Hear - Watch

Atente para o uso das seguintes expressões abaixo.
Algumas vêm acompanhadas de infinitivo (com ou sem o “to”), outras de gerúndio:

1. Had better (’d better): é melhor, seria melhor - sem o “to” (expressa conselho)

You’d better tell me the truth.
Had she better try again?
You’d better not leave late.

2. Would rather (’d rather): preferir

We’d rather stay home.
Would you rather watch tv?
I’d rather not see her now.

3. Used to: costumava; indica ação habitual no passado:

I used to love you.
Did he use to play tennis as a child?
They didn’t use to go to the movies.

4. Be used to/Be accustomed to/ get used to: estar acostumado a – são sempre seguidas de gerúndio porque o “to”, no caso, é preposição:
We’re used to getting up late.

5. Can’t help: não poder deixar de – sempre seguida de gerúndio:

I can’t help falling in love.

6. To be worth/worthwhile: valer a pena

It was worth listening to him.

quarta-feira, janeiro 17

Forming Gerund - breve explicação em INGLÊS + exercícios

Forming Gerunds
Here is a brief review of gerunds and how to form them.
Gerunds are nouns formed from verbs.
ex: walking, talking, thinking, listening
Gerunds are formed by adding ING to verbs.
ex: think + ing = thinking

Spelling Rules

There are a few spelling rules that you need to know in order to form gerunds correctly. The spelling of a gerund depends on the vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and consonants (b, c, d, f, etc.) at the end of the verb.



Rule



Example
If there is more than one consonant, just add INGthink + ing = thinking
If there is more than one vowel, just add INGbeat + ing = beating
If there is one vowel and one consonant, and the syllable is stressed, double the consonant and add INGhit + t + ing = hitting
If there are one or more consonants and E, remove the E and add INGtake + ing = taking
In most other cases, just add INGstudy + ing = studying
see + ing = seeing
Exercises HERE (Exercícios AQUI)

terça-feira, janeiro 16

Likes and Dislikes (GERUND)

Likes and Dislikes


Verb "to like"



Pay attention!

1. We add -s or -es in the 3rd person singular.
E.g. He likes / He doesn't like.

2. In the interrogative form we use the auxilary verb "to be" E.g. Do you like oranges? / Does he like cakes?
3. In the negative form we use the auxilary verb "to do" and the negative "not".
The verbs "likes and dislikes" can by followed by a noun.

E.g. I like apples.

They can also be followed by a verb.
For example:

When like/dislike are followed by a verb you need to add the -ing ending to the verbs.

segunda-feira, janeiro 15

Jobs (Present Simple + Present Continuous) interative book


Learn / revise the vocabulary related to jobs (and the difference between the present simple and the present continuous (BE + V-ing)) with this interactive book !

quinta-feira, janeiro 11

Present Simple - online exercises

http://www.esl-lounge.com/student/grammar/1g4-present-simple-positive-to-negative.php

http://baladre.info/english/sedaviwebfront/presimpneg.htm

http://www.grammar.cl/Games/Dont_Doesnt.htm

https://agendaweb.org/exercises/verbs/present-negative

https://agendaweb.org/verbs/present-simple-negative.html


Basta clicarem no link e resolverem os exercícios! Dúvidas serão esclarecidas na aula! Bom trabalho :)

sábado, janeiro 6

quinta-feira, janeiro 4

Jobs - vocabulary + jogos

Learn / Revise the vocabulary related to jobs with the following activities !
1) Learn the vocabulary,
2) Match the words with the pictures,
3) Match the pictures with the sounds,
4) Do a crossword !
(part 1)

(part 2)



present simple - review

Present Simple - online exercises







(Present Simple + Plural)



Bom trabalho!!! Caso queiram mais basta dizer... ;)




Jobs - vocabulary + jogos


Vocabulary - Jobs (Part 1)

Learn / Revise the vocabulary related to jobs with the following activities !
1) Learn the vocabulary,
2) Match the words with the pictures,
3) Match the pictures with the sounds,
4) Do a crossword !
Clica AQUI!!!e AQUI!!!

sábado, dezembro 16

Christmas Games

a reindeer on rooftops

The Santa in this game isn't real - he's a fake! Can you hit the fake Santa with a snowball? Make sure that you don't hit Rudolph the reindeer!

Game developed by Cambridge English Online




Santa
It's just before Christmas and Santa is getting fat! How can he take presents to all the children? He needs to get fit! Santa's going for a run. Can you help him run through the winter wonderland?


whose present game

Santa and Amy have a bag full of presents, but who are they for? Help Santa and Amy deliver the children's presents in time for Christmas.



Santa's been busy delivering presents and he's hidden ten toys in this puzzle. Can you find them?